Wednesday, September 2, 2020

Compare and contrast The Red Room by H G Wells, with opening chapters of Jane Eyre Essay Example

Thoroughly analyze The Red Room by H G Wells, with opening sections of Jane Eyre Essay Example Thoroughly analyze The Red Room by H G Wells, with opening sections of Jane Eyre Essay Thoroughly analyze The Red Room by H G Wells, with opening sections of Jane Eyre Essay Paper Topic: Writing Both The Red Room by H G Wells and Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte, were written in the nineteenth century. The primary concentration in the short story by H G Wells is the red room, while the red room in Jane Eyre is a piece of a novel. Charlotte Brontes story is about a stranded ten-year-old youngster called Jane Eyre, who is living with her Aunt Reed at Gateshead Hall. She is avoided from the family in the family unit and it gets clear to the peruser that they dont support of her or like her by any means. Jane herself knows about this, as she says I was a conflict in Gateshead Hall. She has an extremely awful connection with the family; particularly Master John, who menaces her in the initial section of the book. Jane is an untouchable to each benefit in the house, and her Aunt is freezing and standoffish towards her. At the point when Master John incites her and tosses a book at her in the main section, she fights back and is constrained into the Red Room, by her Aunt, who promptly safeguards her child. The Red Room by H G Wells, is a short anecdote about an anonymous guest to Lorraine Castle. The individual, who is thought to take care of business, is electing to go into The Red Room for the evening, so as to demonstrate or discredit the presence of an apparition or extraordinary power in the room. This is diverse to Jane, who is compelled to go into the room. He converses with three old individuals before going into the room, and they disclose to him the puzzle of the room, assisting with making pressure between them. They clearly dread the room, and they disclose to the man ordinarily that he is going into the room at his own picking. The two stories are written in the main individual account, which permits the characters to portray their sentiments in detail; particularly when inside the Red Room. Jane Eyre is likewise an eponymous story. The peruser is given a short depiction of Janes life, and we find that she is a ten-year-old stranded youngster living with her Aunt. The initial part depicts the way Jane is lost in her own little world, taking a gander at pictures and understanding books, which depicts her as a creative youngster, loaded with satisfaction. Janes knowledge is likewise underlined here and her ability for thinking investigation in her record of Cousin John is taken note. Be that as it may, another side of her character is appeared also, when she looses her temper with Master John, and considers him a Wicked and remorseless kid! She has clearly had enough of being tormented by the family, and her emotions towards them are underlined here. She says that different emotions were succeeding her, which again gives us that she felt contempt towards the family and the environmental factors. The man in the Red Room then again is a secret to the peruser, as no data at all is given about him. This is diverse to Jane Eyre, where we become acquainted with the character well. He is depicted as an extremely quiet yet to some degree insolent character, as he tells the old individuals toward the beginning that it would take a truly substantial apparition to alarm him. This is an extremely vainglorious tone, which promptly gives the peruser the feeling that he is certain about his activities. He is reminded a few times by the man with the shriveled arm that it is his own picking, to go into the room, yet he is still extremely certain, which contrasts against Janes response to going into the room. There is no puzzle encompassing the characters in the initial parts of Jane Eyre, as they are on the whole family members or natural to Jane. I feel that this assists with acclimating the characters to the peruser and underlines Janes disturbed foundation. Ace John is depicted as a shocking little youngster, and Jane says that there were minutes when I was baffled by the dread he motivated. Bessie and Miss Abbot are additionally portrayed as being harsh with Jane, which again underlines the injustice appeared towards Jane. Different characters in The Red Room are depicted as being extremely old, as they are portrayed by their appearance, for example, the man with a wilted arm and the man with a shade. They are likewise depicted as being both savvy and keen, as appeared in the expression Many things to see, when ones still however eight-and-twenty. A feeling of newness is passed on by the secret of the characters in the Red Room, which is a difference to the feeling of acclimated conduct between the family in Jane Eyre. The initial environment in Jane Eyre is portrayed as being extremely dull, as it is coming down with mists so grave. This promptly, depicts the huge house as being miserable and the climate is utilized by Charlotte Bronte, to reflect Janes sentiments at that point. Lorraine Castle in the Red Room is likewise an exceptionally enormous and old spot, demonstrating likenesses to Gateshead Hall. The man with the shriveled arm portrays the winding flight of stairs and the long entry in the mansion, which gives the peruser a picture of an old, dismissed structure. This is diverse to Gateshead Hall in Jane Eyre, which is portrayed as being very warm and agreeable. When Jane is taken to the Red Room it says that she opposed as far as possible, which shows the peruser that she detested the room and was startled of it. She is being taken to the room without wanting to and she says that a minutes insurrection is the explanation behind this, which infers that she feels the family is against her. She likewise alludes to herself as a revolutionary slave, which again shows that she is a hostage, not a volunteer to the Red Room. During the development to the room, the writer attempts to cause the peruser to feel sorry for Jane. Bronte makes tenderness towards Jane in various manners. Her utilization of descriptive words, for example, underhanded and rebel slave help to make this feeling of emotion. The hirelings disposition towards her is additionally used to fortify this as they call her a mischievous youngster. This is exceptionally outrageous and emotive language, taking into account that Jane is just a ten-year-old kid. Subtleties of Janes foundati on are likewise used to make feeling, as we are told how her Uncle had kicked the bucket in the room. The development to the room in H G Wells short story is likewise used to make pressure. Portrayals like crisp, dusty and shadows pass on the obscurity in the palace, while the keeps an eye on loss of certainty as he halted for a second, assists with giving the stronghold a baffling emanation. Jane is close to herself going into the room yet the man in The Red Room is distrustful, yet is happy to go into the room. The writer likewise causes no endeavor in causing the peruser to feel sorry for the man in The Red Room, while each exertion is caused for the peruser is caused to feel sorry for Jane. There is a definite portrayal of the Red Room in Jane Eyre. A feeling of detainment is made when they lock the entryway, which quickly affects Jane. A picture of a jail cell is again made when the room is known as an extra chamber. The sentiment of disregard is additionally passed on as she portrays the room as only from time to time snoozed. Red is stressed by the creator in the depiction, additionally the monotonous utilization of red in the dark red window ornaments, honorary pathway and the blood red fabric likewise connections to the red portrayed in the room. I believe that the shading Red is stressed by the creator, for a wide range of reasons. Red is a profound and rich shading, which quickly passes on the dim, puzzling environmental factors inside the room. Red is additionally connected with blood, which holds a solid strict association, and could likewise be connected to the demise of her Uncle. Enormous and dim furniture are drawn out into the open by the creator; with gigantic mainstays of mahogany and seats of obscurely cleaned The word white is compared against the dimness in the room, while there is a sure component of incongruity in the chimney, as it again diverges from the desolate and cold climate in the room. Demise is additionally spoken to in the stay with the reference to the funeral directors men being a connect to the passing of her Uncle. There is a strict association as she says that there is a feeling of bleak sanctification. At the point when land is blessed, it is made sacred; in this manner the demise of her Uncle is underscored by this association. The Red Room in Wells story is additionally passed on as being extremely dull and miserable. It is depicted similar to a huge and solemn room, with shadowy window inlets. These portrayals are like the Red Room in Jane Eyre, as it, was likewise extremely enormous and bleak. H G Wells utilization of representations help to pass on the dimness in the room, for instance, My flame was a little tongue of light in its immeasurability which attempts to pass on the room gulping the light, and an expanse of riddle which portrays the limitlessness of the secret encompassing the room. Both Jane and the man, begin to lose certainty as they invest more energy detained in the room. Indeed, even Janes own appearance is beginning to panic her. It helps her to remember Bessies old stories and she feels that Superstition was with her. There are two major mirrors in The Red Room additionally, which underlines similitudes in the two rooms. As Jane is disregarded, she contemplates how she was dealt with, and she is bothered to understand that she is a complete untouchable. Over the long haul in the room, she reviews that she is in a similar room that her Uncle Reed had kicked the bucket and gets upset. This makes her dread his phantom and this again passes on her ground-breaking feeling of creative mind. The man additionally turns out to be troubled as time passes by. Along these lines to Jane Eyre, a youthful Duke had likewise passed on in the Red Room in Lorraine Castle, however the man make an effort not to consider this, dissimilar to Jane. Rather the man possesses himself by talking and lighting candles. At the point when the flares begin to vanish, the keeps an eye on creative mind shows signs of improvement of him, and like Jane he begins to freeze. The centralization of action words are extremely serious while the man alarms as the creator utilizes action words like lurched, fell, grabbed, swung and push, to e

Saturday, August 22, 2020

The eNotes Blog What You Read Over Summer Vacation Readers Respond toeNotes

What You Read Over Summer Vacation Readers Respond to Keep in mind, only a couple of months prior, when the late spring appeared to be perpetual and our Loyal Blog Readers were asked whatâ books were going into sea shore packs and which were being hurled in the rearward sitting arrangements of cars?â Some were books suggested by a companion; others were bought in light of the rave audits of confided in artistic pundits; still others were ones that had been Christmas presents that we were at long last going to have the opportunity to read.â Well, presently those perusers report back, with approval or down or sideways about those previous decisions, and some that snuck in somehowimpulse purchases or gifts.â Heres what you needed to state about your late spring understanding choices:  Approval! Whered You Go, Bernadette? by Maria Semple Wonderfully funny. Semplecuts a wry cut of an actual existence one that is populated by tuition based school helicopter guardians, fanatically eco-cognizant neighbors, and green-juice gulping, TED-talking spouses and one that is sufficiently sharp to cause us to feel somewhat soothed about not living anyplace so rustic. (Megan OGrady, Vogue) MEH. Joyland by Stephen King Not all that much delight to be found from one peruser, who considers Joyland to be only not really good or bad. An entertainment mecca and murder consider along with a transitioning story in this small scale spine chiller with a trace of the otherworldly. †Los Angeles Times Approval! TWICE! Manyâ perusers read this over the mid year and enthusiastically suggest. More ringed in saying they have it on their rundowns also. Hello, there are as yet a couple more weeks left in the mid year of 2013! Cooked:â A Natural History of Transformation by Michael Pollan In Cooked, Michael Pollan investigates the beforehand strange region of his own kitchen. Here, he finds the suffering intensity of the four old style components fire, water, air, and earth-to change the stuff of nature into delectable things to eat and drink. Apprenticing himself to a progression of culinary experts, Pollan figures out how to barbecue with fire, cook with fluid, prepare bread, and age everything from cheddar to lager. Approval! Villain in the White City by Erik Larson This tale showed up on our Summer Reading Suggestions for 2013 and we are glad to reportâ it lived up to our perusers desires. Erik Larson-creator of #1 smash hit In the Garden of Beasts-interweaves the genuine story of the 1893 Worlds Fair and the guile sequential executioner who utilized the reasonable for bait his casualties to their demise. Consolidating fastidious research with nail-gnawing narrating, Erik Larson has made a story with all the marvel of newfound history and the adventures of the best fiction. MEH. Cell by Stephen King Apologies, Mr. Ruler, yet youve made the meh list twice this year.â Maybe this is on the grounds that occasionally you need what could be compared to McDonalds, however then you eat/read it and you understand it had an aftertaste like veiling tape.â Anyhoo. heres the depiction should you feel like an (un)Happy Meal: Visual craftsman Clay Riddell was in the core of Boston on that splendid fall evening when damnation was released before his eyes. Abruptly, bloodletting and mayhem ruled. Normal individuals succumbed to the basest, most carnal decimation. Also, the end of the world started with the ring of a phone. Approval! The Wasp Factory by Ian Banks Meet Frank Cauldhame. Only sixteen, and flighty without a doubt: Two years after I slaughtered Blyth I killed my young sibling Paul, for very extraordinary and more essential reasons than Id discarded Blyth, and afterward a year after that I accomplished for my young cousin Esmerelda, pretty much spontaneously. That is my score to date. Three. I havent executed anyone for a considerable length of time, and dont mean to until the end of time. It was only a phase I was experiencing. OTHERS BOOKS THAT ALSO GOT THUMBS UP! Fall of Giants (Triology) by Ken Follet Proclaim by Tim Powers N0S4A2 by Joe Hill The Night She Disappeared by Alice Henry The Fault in Our Stars by John Green

Friday, August 21, 2020

China Essays -- essays research papers

â€Å"Government in China: three perspectives† In the Ming time of government in China, it is obvious that the attributes and learning of the ruler are fundamental to the embodiment of good government. Under the Confucian framework, it was essential to adjust to the exacting various leveled structure of the social and political codes which shaped the establishment of the framework: in this manner, the premise of good government was something which pervaded all degrees of society yet was at last enlivened by, and directed by, the more significant levels of the force structure and at last the head. Inside the progressive system, there were sure parts of rights and duties which couldn't be risen above and which guaranteed that every citizen held their fitting spot inside the general structure. There would constantly be those above, to whom one owed concession and regard, and those underneath, to whom one owed assurance. Nobody was confined, but instead observed as an essential piece of a system which could possibly work effectively if everybody assumed precisely the job which was distributed to them, and didn't endeavor to rise above their assigned status. The idea of government, along these lines, was something which was directed from the highest point of the force structure however saturated to every one of its levels. Administration of the nation, of a territory, of a family unit, were all parts of the equivalent carefully upheld social request and each level could be viewed as mirroring the example of the one above. Notwithstanding, as indicated by Confucian practices it was not adequate to see great practice and to place it into impact, it was additionally basic to show to others that the individual knew about their specific spot in the social and political order. There was in this way an overwhelming dependence on custom and custom, which influenced each part of regular day to day existence and went about as a steady emphasis of the directs of the pecking order. To complete these customs not just fortified one’s social standing, both to oneself and to other people, yet in addition indicated that the lower requests of the social structure kept up their confidence in, and acquiescence to, the higher requests. Along these lines not exclusively could the legislature be kept up, its effectiveness could be believed to be exemplified at all degrees of the social and social chain of command. This carefully systematized and unbendingly authorized framework, be that as it may, was in any event somewhat de... ...hose who are at the highest point of the chain of command and spread their temperances to those beneath. On the off chance that this framework separates, gets degenerate or weakens into a faã §ade, at that point just the outward trappings of request stay, in the acts of custom: there is no inward center of shrewdness and smarts of which these practices ought to be the outward portrayal. Government may keep on working, yet it is not, at this point inspired by the excellencies and methods of reasoning which initially spurred it, and the continuation of custom and custom loses its importance and noteworthiness. We see this in ‘Woman Wang’, for instance, in how marriage is seen: the Confucian perfect wherein the man is predominant, however has a duty to regard and ensure the lady, has gone and in its place is an injurious relationship where the force remains, yet the stimulus to secure is gone. Wang is as yet bound by custom to her marriage, however it is not, at this point the illuminated pecking order of Confucianism yet the darker control relationship of a man centric socie ty. References Huang, R. (1986) 1587: a time of no centrality. Yale University Press. Kuhn, P. (1990) Soulstealers. Harvard. Spence, J. (1978) Death of Woman Wang. Penguin.

Thursday, May 28, 2020

Biology Chapter 11 Solved Question The Lipid Bilayer - 3850 Words

Biology Chapter 11 Solved Question: The Lipid Bilayer (Other (Not Listed) Sample) Content: CHAPTER 11MEMBRANE STRUCTURE( 2009 Garland Science PublishingThe Lipid Bilayer11-1 Indicate whether the following statements are true or false. If a statement is false, explain why it is false.A. Although cholesterol is a hydrophobic molecule, it has a hydrophilic head group like all other membrane lipids.B. Phosphatidylserine is the most abundant type of phospholipid found in cell membranes.C. Glycolipids lack the glycerol component found in phospholipids.D. The highly ordered structure of the lipid bilayer makes its generation and maintenance energetically unfavorable.SOLUTION/ANSWERA: true, B: false (phosphatidylcholine is the most abundant phospholipid.) C: true, D: false (formation of lipid bilayer is favorable in water.)11-2 Which of the following membrane lipids does not contain a fatty acid tail?(a) Phosphatidylcholine(b) A glycolipid(c) Phosphatidylserine(d) Cholesterol11-3 Formation of a lipid bilayer might seem to be energetically unfavorable. However, this arrangement is actually favored because it allows a higher level of entropy than any other alternative. What makes bilayer formation energetically favorable?(a) Polar head groups form a hydrogen bonding network at the interface with water.(b) Water molecules form cage-like structures around hydrophobic molecules.(c) Hydrogen bonds form between neighboring polar head groups in the bilayer.(d) Fatty acid tails are highly saturated and flexible.11-4 Which of the following statements is true?(a) Phospholipids will spontaneously form liposomes in nonpolar solvents.(b) In eucaryotes, all membrane-enclosed organelles are surrounded by one lipid bilayer.(c) Membrane lipids diffuse within the plane of the membrane.(d) Membrane lipids frequently flip-flop between one monolayer and the other.11-5 A bacterium is suddenly expelled from a warm human intestine into the cold world outside. Which of the following adjustments might the bacterium make to maintain the same level of membrane fluidity?( a) Produce lipids with hydrocarbon tails that are longer and have fewer double bonds.(b) Produce lipids with hydrocarbon tails that are shorter and have more double bonds.(c) Decrease the amount of cholesterol in the membrane.(d) Decrease the amount of glycolipids in the membrane.11-6 Three different membrane components are shown in Figure Q11-6. Using the list below, identify the three components, and label the chemical groups indicated.A. glycerolB. sugarC. phospholipidD. glycolipidE. sterolF. unsaturated hydrocarbonG. saturated hydrocarbonH. sterol polar head groupANSWER (According to the diagrams from left to right)B, D and E (values from the list provided above)Figure Q11-611-7 For each of the following sentences, fill in the blanks with the best word or phrase selected from the list below. Not all words or phrases will be used; each word or phrase should be used only once.The specialized functions of different membranes are largely determined by the __________________ they co ntain. Membrane lipids are __________________ molecules, composed of a hydrophilic portion and a hydrophobic portion. All cell membranes have the same __________________ structure, with the __________________ of the phospholipids facing into the interior of the membrane and the __________________ on the outside. The most common lipids in most cell membranes are the __________________. The head group of a glycolipid is composed of __________________.Amphipathic hydrophobic PhosphatidylserineCholesterol lipid bilayer phospholipidsFatty acid tails lipid monolayer proteinsGlycolipids lipids sterolsHydrophilic head groups phosphatidylcholine sugars ANSWERS (According to gaps from beginning respectively)1. Proteins 2. Amphipathic 3. Lipid bi-layer 4. Fatty acid tails 5. Hydrophilic head groups 6. Phospholipids. 7. Sugars.11-8 Three phospholipids X, Y, and Z are distributed in the plasma membrane as indicated in Figure Q11-8. For which of these phospholipids does a lipase probably exist?F igure Q11-8(a) X only(b) Z only(c) X and Y(d) Y and Z11-9 Where does most new membrane synthesis take place in a eukaryotic cell?(a) In the Golgi apparatus(b) In the endoplasmic reticulum(c) In the plasma membrane(d) In the mitochondria(e) On ribosomes11-10 Water molecules readily form hydrogen bonds with other polar molecules, and when they encounter nonpolar molecules they must form hydrogen-bonding networks with neighboring water molecules. Which of the following molecules will cause a cage of water to form?(a) 2-methylpropane(b) Acetone(c) Methanol(d) Urea11-11 Membranes undergo spontaneous rearrangement if torn. Which of the following would happen if a cell membrane had a large tear? ANSWER (C) Vesicles form11-12 Membrane lipids are capable of many different types of movement. Which of these does not occur spontaneously in biological membranes?(a) Switching between lipid layers(b) Lateral movement(c) Rotation(d) Flexing of hydrocarbon chains11-13 there are two properties of ph ospholipids that affect how tightly they pack together: the length of the hydrocarbon chain and the number of double bonds. The degree of packing, in turn, influences the relative mobility of these molecules in the membrane. Which of the following would yield the most highly mobile phospholipid (listed as number of carbons and number of double bonds, respectively)?(a) 24 carbons with 1 double bond(b) 15 carbons with 2 double bonds(c) 20 carbons with 2 double bonds(d) 16 carbons with no double bonds11-14 Cholesterol serves several essential functions in mammalian cells. Which of the following is not influenced by cholesterol?(a) Membrane permeability(b) Membrane fluidity(c) Membrane rigidity(d) Membrane thickness11-15 new membrane phospholipids are synthesized by enzymes bound to the _____________ side of the _________________ membrane.(a) Cytosolic, mitochondrial(b) Luminal, Golgi(c) Cytosolic, endoplasmic reticulum(d) Extracellular, plasma11-16 Membrane synthesis in the cell requir es the regulation of growth for both halves of the bilayer and the selective retention of certain types of lipids on one side or the other. Which group of enzymes accomplishes both of these tasks?(a) Lipases(b) Phospholipases(c) Converses(d) Glycosylates11-17 Glycolipids are found on the surface of healthy cells, and contribute to the cells defense against chemical damage and infectious agents.In which organelle are sugar groups added to membrane lipids?ANSWERGolgiB. By what mechanism are glycolipids transported to the plasma membrane and presented to the extracellular environment?Draw a diagram to support your answer to part B.Membrane Proteins11-18 A group of membrane proteins can be extracted from membranes only by using detergents. All the proteins in this group have a similar amino acid sequence at their C-terminus: -KKKKKXXC (where K stands for lysine, X stands for any amino acid, and C stands for cysteine). This sequence is essential for their attachment to the membrane. What is the most likely way in which the C-terminal sequence attaches these proteins to the membrane?(a)The cysteine residue is covalently attached to a membrane lipid.(b)The peptide spans the membrane as and ÃŽ helix.(c)The peptide spans the membrane as part of a ÃŽÂ ² sheet.(d)The positively charged lysine residues interact with an acidic integral membrane protein.11-19although membrane proteins contribute roughly 50% of the total mass of the membrane, there are about 50 times more lipid molecules than there are protein molecules in cellular membranes. Explain this apparent discrepancy. ANSWER Membrane proteins are much larger molecules than the membrane lipids. Thus, fewer are required to represent the same total mass contributed by the lipid components of the membrane. By this estimation, the molecular weight of the average membrane protein is 50 times that of the average membrane lipid.11-20 indicate whether the following statements are true or false. If a statement is false .Lipid-linked proteins are classified as peripheral membrane proteins because the polypeptide chain does not pass through the bilayer.FalseA protein can be embedded on the cytosolic side of the membrane bilayer by employing a hydrophobic ÃŽ helix.FalseA protein that relies on proteinprotein interactions to stabilize its membrane association is classified as a peripheral membrane protein because it can be dissociated without the use of detergents.TrueMembrane proteins that pump ions in and out of the cell are classified as enzymes.False11-21 A small membrane vesicle containing a Trans membrane protein is shown in Figure Q11-21. Assume that this membrane vesicle is in the cytoplasm of a cell.Figure Q11-21Label the cytosolic and non-cytosolic faces of the membrane vesicle. This membrane vesicle will undergo fusion with the plasma membrane.B. Sketch the plasma membrane after vesicle fusion, indicating the new location of the vesicle membrane and the Trans membrane protein carried by the membrane vesicle.C. On your drawing for B, label the original cytosolic and no cytosolic faces of the vesicle membrane as it resides in the plasma membrane. Also label the extracellular space and the cytosol. Indicate the N- and C-terminus of the inserted Trans membrane protein.ANSWER11-22Poring proteins form large, barrel-like channels in the membrane. Which of the following is not true about these channels?(a)...

Saturday, May 16, 2020

Essay on Ethics Case Study - 877 Words

Ethics Case Study Ethical business behavior can be defined by business leadership. â€Å"Generally speaking, an action or choice can be considered ethically correct if it’s honest, fair, supports a beneficial outcome for both parties, and generally enables the overall corporate image and vision† (Definition of Ethics, 2002). In the following we will discuss how economic pressures on China, Jamaica, and America play a role in the ethical decision-making for financial, environmental, and cultural issues. Economic Pressures of China and Jamaica China 1. Rapid growth of the Chinese economy 2. Emerging into major power status 3. The need to reconcile Confucian and Communist heritage with demands of 21st century business 4. Fueled interest†¦show more content†¦Based on the study of an auto parts contractor facing bankruptcy if its buyer finds out that a part it sold is defective, 69.4% of China stated the company had a responsibility to the public and only 4.1% citing that causing injury or death are too great to remain silent. â€Å"Countries are using utilitarian approaches and are selecting the issues they will support based upon country/economic necessities rather than upon ethical concerns alone† (Fok, 2005). Positive and Normative Economics â€Å"Positive economics focuses on cause-and-effect relationships, avoids judgment, tries to establish scientific statements about economic behavior, and deals with what the economy is actually like† (McConnell, 2005, p. 11). The studies done are a reflection of positive economics. A hypothesis was formed, data was collected, and a conclusion was drawn based on scientific tests. â€Å"Normative economics incorporates value judgments about what the economy should be like or what particular policy actions should be recommended to achieve a desirable goal† (McConnell, 2005, p. 11). Because of Jamaica’s low level of uncertainty avoidance, it embraces change and has a willingness to change whatever related systems have to change for the reforms to be effective. The Effect of Market Efficiency, Economizing, and the Market System on Ethical Issues â€Å"Market Efficiency entitles operating at an optimal point where the marginal benefit of each good is equal to its marginalShow MoreRelatedCase Study of Ethics5588 Words   |  23 PagesDilemmas Case Studies Professional Accountants in Business December 20112 Contents Introduction ...............................................................................................................................3 Case Study 1...............................................................................................................................5 Pressure to overstate stock valuation ...................................................................................5 Case Study 2...Read MoreCase Study on Ethics and Dual Relationships in Social Work Essay1050 Words   |  5 PagesEthics Case Study: Juan S. The social worker in this case study worked at the ABC Children’s Wellness Center. An ESL teacher at a local elementary school referred Juan S. to her. Juan came to the center with his mother, Silvia. Before seeing Juan and his mother, the social worker called the ESL teacher who referred Juan to her to discuss the case. The teacher reported that Juan was showing little interest in classroom activities or his peers, and always seemed exhausted. He was irritable andRead MoreEthics Case Study772 Words   |  4 PagesEthics Case Study Ronda Butman University of Phoenix Health Care Ethics and Social Responsibility HCS 335 Nicovich November 26, 2010 Ethics Case Study In today’s health care culture some individuals are presented to undertake unlawful medical actions based on personal guidance; however, ethical and legal issues effect one’s actions if he or she is not qualified to make such decisions. The case of Jerry McCall is an example of such a scenario in today’s health care environment. Read MoreEthics Case Study1149 Words   |  5 PagesEthics Case Study Everyday health care workers around the world are faced with tough decisions. The law guides many decisions but some decisions require ethical considerations. Making good ethical decisions is not always as easy as it seems. Making ethical decisions is even harder when the primary intention is to be helpful, but it is beyond an employee’s qualifications. Jerry’s Qualifications versus Necessary Qualifications Qualification as a medical assistant and a licensed practicalRead MoreEthics Case Study817 Words   |  4 Pagesbenefits). Reference Legge Jr, J. Durant, R. (2010). Public Opinion, Risk Assessment, and Biotechnology: Lessons from Attitudes toward Genetically Modified Foods in the European Union.The Policy Studies Organization, Vol 27, # 1 Smyth, S. Phillips, P. (2014). Risk, regulation and biotechnology: The case of GM crops.GM Crops Food 5:3, 170--177 Romeis, J. et al. (2008). Assessment of risk of insect-resistant transgenic crops to nontarget arthropods. Nature Biotechnology, Vol 26, Number 2 HindoRead MoreEthics Case Studies1850 Words   |  7 Pagesopportunity to be the ultimate sacrificial lamb. However, there was the fulfillment of the words of the prophets of God and the divine Jesus that would not allow for choice to be an option or a factor in the crucifixion and resurrection. Divine Command ethics assumes that the Christ story has once and for all been lived out and all of humanity is to live based on the example given, but to live freely based on this example. Therefore, there would be room for a parent or parents to graciously offer theRead MoreEthics Case Study : Paradyne1159 Words   |  5 PagesEthics Case Study: Paradyne By Ali Khan for EE4400 1 Background Every good engineer will be ruled by ethics and moral code. Honesty towards his client and fellow team mates is a must for any good engineer. While building designs and turning innovative ideas into reality require dedication and passion. Engineers in their day to day work face hardships and difficult decisions. We spend long and hard days at work. Solving problems in given limited resources and time does make life difficult and goodRead MoreEthics Case Study1862 Words   |  8 PagesAfter review the table l decided not to disclose any information because the harm was more than benefit. Based on the information provided the percentage of infection is very small. The side effective of action is more harmful because the company might close down and coworker will lose job, so many lawsuits in court from previous patients, I will not be able to support my family because l won’t have a job. Deontologist According to Deontology is states that an act done or something done that isRead MoreCase Study On Business Ethics965 Words   |  4 Pages Course Date Student’s Name Institution Case Study on Business Ethics Introduction Ethics describes combination of values that guide the behavior and conduct of persons or entities. It facilitates them to distinguish between wrong and right, good and bad, what can be or should be done and what cannot and should not be done. Business contracts are lawfully binding. However, they are effectual with a robust ethical framework where parties observe and satisfy their contractual responsibilitiesRead MoreCase Study : Ethics Applied1548 Words   |  7 PagesAbstract Throughout this paper the principles and concepts examined throughout the last eight weeks of coursework will be applied to the Nortel Case Study. After a brief introductory discussion of the Nortel Case, a greater understanding of the ethical ramifications of the situation will be facilitated by answering five key questions. Nortel Case Study: Ethics Applied Introduction: Over the last two decades the business world has been rocked by several prominent business scandals such as Enron, WorldCom

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Persuasive Speech Against War Essay - 1241 Words

Imagine a world where honesty was the only option. People could not lie if they wanted to. The concept of a lie is inconceivable to the inhabitants of the this made up world. Politicians are as see-through as glass, and criminals convict themselves within seconds. Now place yourself in this world, with the knowledge and understanding of deception. You are an Ambassador of a merited nation, and your country has declared war on a neighboring commonwealth. The citizens of this foreign state are apparently not so different from the citizens in your community, yet their government is unfairly claiming the land of less protected villages on the border of your nation and theirs. Your citizens don’t see the importance of declaring war over a†¦show more content†¦Any society that shares a common knowledge and universal interest make use of propaganda. Look at social media for example. Arguably, social networks are the perfect environment for propaganda to thrive. There are mil lions of online people pushing their own opinions and agendas. An easy example of modern propaganda is any caricature of President Trump shown as an overweight, orange slob. While this is how some view Trump, it is biased. On the other side of that, Trump is well practiced in his constant criticism of the media spouting about, â€Å"fake news.† Both the media and Trump push their biased through propaganda. In his WW2 fiction novel, The Moon Is Down John Steinbeck writes about a small, peaceable town that is invaded by soldiers, and the conflict that ensues due to the unwanted presence of a foreign enemy. The book starts out with a small battalion of soldiers invading a practically defenseless town. Here we are introduced to two principal characters: Mayor Orden and Colonel Lanser. Mayor Orden inhabits the elected leader of the small coal mining town. He is a conflicted yet honest leader of his people who gives the first impression of hopelessness in the face of adversity. Col onel Lanser resides as the leader of the soldiers. Given his position of power, he’s very understanding. He has a desire to get along with the people of the small town rather than use force to control them. Steinbeck goes into depth on the characteristics of the invading soldiers,Show MoreRelatedSummary Of The Crisis Number One By Thomas Paine719 Words   |  3 PagesHenrys Speech in the Virginia Convention were both written in the Age of Reasoning as a way to provoke Americans to fight for independence from Great Britain. While both â€Å"The Crisis† and â€Å"Speech in the Virginia Convention† succeeded in inspiring the colonialists, they both use different persuasive techniques. Thomas Paine uses a hopeful tone in his essay, as well as rhetorical devices associated with the future, to convince his readers. Henry takes a more aggressive approach in his speech, usingRead MoreWhy The United States Entered World War I942 Words   |  4 PagesWorld War I This essay will examine all nine readings. There will also be insight given to why the United States entered World War I, and whether or not the reasons were persuasive. Other things will also be discussed, including: what America’s war aims were, and how Wilson’s goals were unrealistic, misleading, overly idealistic and moralistic. The fact that Wilson expected too much of international law and international organization. Also, why Wilson’s goals were not achieved. That the nationalRead MoreComparison Of Emma Watson And Tim Watsons Speech941 Words   |  4 PagesEmma Watson and Tim Collins Analysis and Comparison Essay English Language Assignment In this essay I will be comparing and analysing Emma Watsons ‘Gender Equality is your issue too’ speech, executed on the 20th of September, 2014. Watson had pre-prepared this speech, as it was performed for the HeForShe campaign at the UN Headquarters, in New York. Alongside Tim Collins’ speech to the 1st Battalion of the Royal Irish Regiment, in Iraq, 2003 – of which was an eve-of-battle rousting and of whichRead MoreRhetorical Analysis Of Patrick Henry s Speech At The Virginia Convention1915 Words   |  8 Pageswhich he used to close his speech to Virginia Convention. During this time period, the 1770s, Patrick Henry, Thomas Paine, and Thomas Jefferson all made arguments in favor of separation of the American colonies from Great Britain; many of these appeals were persuasive for different reasons, whether that be logical, emotional, or pertaining to credibility and trust, which is to say logos, pathos, and ethos. First of all, we will examine Henry†™s arguments during his speech at the Virginia ConventionRead MoreGeorge Orwell s The Perils Of Indifference : Lessons Learned From A Violent Century954 Words   |  4 Pagesfrom a Violent Century† (Wiesel 289) both examine the effect of human actions. Wiesel’s speech is the more persuasive due to the emotional element as well his plainly stated view upon indifference, whereas Orwell’s narrative leaves the reader questioning his action. Elie Wiesel born in 1928 is a Jewish holocaust survivor, who later in life won the noble peace prize and published over 40 different books. The speech The Perils of Indifference: Lessons Learned from a Violent Century was given at the whiteRead MoreB1 World War II and Its Aftermath UA Essay1683 Words   |  7 Pagesï » ¿ Unit: World War II and Its Aftermath This Unit Activity will help you meet these educational goals: Inquiry Skills—You will develop questions and plan investigations, evaluate change and continuity over time, develop credible explanations of historical events and developments based on reasoned interpretation of evidence, gather evidence, evaluate and use evidence, develop explanations and make persuasive arguments in support of your conclusions, and communicate your conclusions. 21st CenturyRead MoreTypes Of Non Fictional Writing920 Words   |  4 Pagesto create amazing stories of wars, countries once great and powerful, and people who inspired the world. Alexander the Great to JFK, everyone has a story. Non-fiction is used in movies, books, songs, poetry, and pictures. Some of the greatest songs and greatest movies are non-fiction. Non-fiction has paved the way we look at everything, because it is real and accounts actual history. There are four main types of non-fictional writing: narrative, expository, persuasive, and descriptive. The firstRead MoreMy Rhetorical Analysis: Why Dont We Complain? Essay967 Words   |  4 PagesSeptember 19, 2011 My Rhetorical Analysis: â€Å"Why Don’t We Complain?† Is pleading the 5th really the best policy when confronted with a potentially awkward situation? The reasons why many Americans choose not to take advantage of their freedom of speech still remains a mystery. â€Å"Why Don’t We Complain?†, published in the 1960’s by William F. Buckley Jr., an educated editor, writer and television host, is an attempt to persuade his audience that they are reluctant and hesitant about speaking up whenRead MoreFDR Inaugural Address817 Words   |  3 PagesFDR Inaugural Address Speech Analysis Essay In arguably one of the most powerful of American political addresses ever given, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt argues that, â€Å"the only thing we have to fear is fear itself’, and that in order to restore America to its pre-depression state, the American people must believe that he can lead them through the Great Depression, so long as they appoint him the wartime executive powers required to handle the situation effectively. Roosevelt emphasizes theRead MoreGun Control859 Words   |  4 PagesScholarly Essay: Gun Control There has been considerable debate recently in Canada over the issue of gun control. The Canadian parliament enacted the Firearms Act to enforce gun control by requiring gun owners to register their firearms. Just recently, the government of Alberta lead in a charge, including five other provinces and numerous pro-gun groups, complaining that the law is unconst... Gun Control Gun control Gun Control Part I:Introduction The issue of gun control and violence

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Changing Organizational Culture Drive Organizational Change

Question: Describe about the Changing Organizational Culture for Drive Organizational Change. Answer: Project Description The company which has been selected for this research is Juice-Cola Company. Operations of this company are being undertaken from the past one year and it is a well-established company. Various activities have been undertaken by the company which include distributing fast moving consumer goods to various retail shops which are operating within the New York City. However, the company has been looking for a shift in the tactics related to the retail shops, employed by it. New focus of the company is on treating the universities established in the New York City as the main retail points. The main objective behind the change in strategy of the company is to ensure that high levels of revenue can be achieved. Moreover, the change in the strategy will help in providing high performance within the organization. Furthermore, this business proposal is drafted with an intention to enhance effectiveness of the organization in employee management. Given the increase in volume of sales, it seems to appear that the proposal is in line with the strategic universities targeted by the company. Change within an organization, emerges out of the market research, which seeks to inform the management of a company about the preferences of the consumer (US Office of Personnel Management, 2016). The company aims to offer affordable drinks, beverages, and snacks to the university fraternity of diverse brands and tastes at the reasonable prices. The company aims to achieve a growth in its annual turnover by 25%. The growth of the company is based on its capacity to expand. The success of the company will be measured on the basis of the number of stores opened. Company aims to open the stores in all the universities, as soon as the first shop is established in the New York City. In the first year, the operations of the company will be carried out in such a way so as increase the visibility of the company in various universities. Therefore, it can be said that the company wishes to create a significant milestone. Significance Business proposal which is being discussed in this report majorly concentrates upon the change in the strategy that a food and beverage company is undertaking with respect to their target market. For increasing the visibility of the company in the market, it is essential to increase the market of the products which are being offered by the company. Therefore, the company has opted for a change in the strategy which involves selling their products to the universities rather than the neighbourhood retail outlets. Proposal which is being discussed in this report is significant from the local, national and international point of view. Locally, this proposal will allow gaining an understanding of various parameters leading to increase in the performance of the company. Nationally, the proposal will assist the policy makers in understanding the preferences of consumers of the fast moving consumer goods sector and thus, will help them in framing the policies accordingly. From the internatio nal perspective, this proposal will help in laying the consumer choice theory into practical use and various directives pertaining to organizational change. On the global level, organizational change is being implemented for ensuring that the business operations are according to the social, cultural and political environments. On the local level, the proposal concentrates upon the requirement of the business to conduct a research in the market. Setting appropriate timelines are also supported by drafting a proposal. Therefore, it can be sad that the process is participative in nature and helps in bringing about a change in the organization. Literature Review Need for organizational change As per the views of Aykut Berber and Murat Yaslioglu (2016), an organization is like a social environment in which the value of the organization depends upon the people who are working in the organization and not by the assets it owns. Thus, it is often believed that the team must be managed effectively and efficiently, during all times, so that highest standards of performance can be achieved (Berber Yaslioglu, 2014). Global economy in the present scenario has had a huge impact on the manner in which organizations operate (Creasey, 2016). As a response to changing economic conditions, the organizations are under pressure to bring about organizational change and maintain the competitiveness of their business continuously. Organizations are required to frame their policies and strategies such that they do not impact the performance of the organization as well as that of the employees (Cristini, Eriksson, Pozzoli, 2012). Various ways are available through which the organizations can maintain their competitiveness. One such manner is to ensure continuous engagement of the employees despite the changes in strategies of the organization (Hewitt, 2013). Most important issue in the business organization is the matter related to organizational change. Organizational change can be said to be a process in which an organization seeks change as a response to meet the growing needs of people (George Jones, 2007). Success of this process is not only dependent upon how well the organization adapts itself to such changes but, it also is dependent on efficient managing capabilities of the management of the organization. As per Chen, Suen, Lin and Sheih (2010), organizational change "is a process in which an organization optimizes performance as it works toward becoming its ideal state" (Chen, Suen, Lin, Shieh, 2010). However, it has been often argued that organizational change "is triggered by a progressive manager" (Chen, Suen, Lin, Shieh, 2010). Reasons for Organizational Change As discussed above, organizational change is inevitable for an organization that wishes to become successful in the long run. Every organization is required to undergo changes so as to remain competitive. Organization change is not a one-time process rather an organization has to undergo certain changes every now and then to maintain a high position in the market (Haveman, Russo, Meyer, 2001). However, analysing and evaluating the factors that require change is essential for an organization because only then, it will be able to find out the factors that require certain modifications (Isern Pung, 2007). There are various reasons due to which an organization makes certain changes in the manner it operates. First reason for changes in the organizations can be attributed to enhancing effectiveness of the organizations. Factors that influence the effectiveness of an organization are widespread and incorporate in it all the factors which are related to changes in the external environment and internal environment. Hence, before undertaking any kind of change in the working of an organization, it is essential that the managers must consider the external as well as internal environment (Burke, 2013). The next reason due to which an organization might undergo certain amount of change is when it wishes to increase its market share or enhance visibility and mark its presence in the market(Brazzel, 2014). This will ultimately lead to increase in competitiveness of the organization and it indirectly leads to increase in profitability of the organization. Organizational changes might also occur due to the change in mission, vision, strategy, structure, technology, culture, system and style of leadership (Yang, Zhuo, Yu, 2009). When any of the mentioned factors change, it becomes essential to bring about certain changes in the organization. As per (Chen, Suen, Lin, Shieh, 2010), "Vision includes a firms organizational core value but one that also adapts accordingly to the external environment". This means, if there are changes in the external environment, an organization is required to bring about change in its vision accordingly. The term strategy has been defined as "the organizatio ns long term goals and the steps and resources needed to be considered in its decision-making"(Chen, Suen, Lin, Shieh, 2010). Change in strategy calls for certain important changes in the organization which may have an impact on the employees of a company as well. The company which has been selected for undertaking this research has changed its strategy that focused on concentrating upon the retail stores. Rather, the company is now focusing upon establishing new stores within the university campus so that more and more students get attracted to the store and it would ultimately increase the visibility and presence of the company. The company chosen for study now aims to open up stores in all the universities which are working in the New York City. This clearly evidences the change in the vision and strategy. However, such changes are not that easy to be introduced. Various factors affect the successful implementation of the organizational change (Harrington Voehl, 2012). One such factor is the resistance to change by the employees of the organization. If the changes are not implemented strategically then, it can lead to an adverse impact on the performance of the employees (Jones Brazzel, 2014). On the positive note this can also be termed as readiness for change. "Readiness for change refers to the degree of positive acceptance of the necessity of change, and the positive attitude toward the effect of change on self and the organization" (Armenakis, Harris, Mossholder, 1993). If all the employees are ready for change then only, all the strategies framed by the organization will be fulfilled in the long run. Thus, employee engagement during the times of organizational change is quintessential (Tripon Dodu, 2011). Impact of Organizational Change on Employees Increase in the complexity and interconnectivity of various economic, business and regulatory trends since the past few years have led to significant changes in the organizations across the world. Moreover, increasing competition has further fuelled the urge to bring about certain changes in the style of operations which are being undertaken by the organizations (Senge, 2014). Thus, the past few decades have witnessed changes such as mergers and acquisitions, restructuring and transformation of strategy for increasing the presence of the organizations in the market. As per the report by(Hewitt, 2013), in a survey which was conducted on the employees of the United States of America, the engagement level of employees during the event of some changes in the organization has been highlighted. The below figure depicts the level to which the employees engaged themselves in the organization during the time of certain changes: Figure 1: Impact of certain organizational changes on employee engagement (Hewitt, 2013) During the time, when the organization was undergoing restructuring, which had a significant influence on the jobs, 10% of the employees were actively engaged while 19% of the employees were actively disengaged. Similarly, when the organization was undergoing changes or transformation in the business strategy which was supposed to have a huge impact on the jobs of the employees, 10% of the employees were actively participating in the transformation of the organization and on the other hand, 19% of the total employees were actively disengaged. This study reveals that the participation of the employees during the times of change is essential so that the performance of the employees is not hampered. Managers must work towards improving the performance of the employees so that the organization is able to retain the best of employees. Therefore, the managers must devise certain ways through which positivity can be instilled in the employees regarding the organizational change (Purce, 2014 ). Drivers which ensure high level of Employee Engagement Organizational changes such as restructuring, transformation of business strategy and mergers and acquisitions hugely affect the performance of the employees, sometimes favourably and at other times adversely. Hence, the management of an organization must frame effective policies and strategies, which will help in improving the levels of engagement during the times of organizational change. As per the research conducted by (Hewitt, 2013), five most important drivers which can definitely ensure high level of engagement of employees were identified. The below figure depicts the drivers during the times of change and during no change, which can positively impact the level of engagement of employees: Figure 2: Drivers which ensure high level of Employee Engagement during change and no change in the organization (Hewitt, 2013) During the time, when there are certain changes that are being made in an organization, the first thing that the management of an organization must undertake is to involve all the employees in the process of decision making. They are not required to be involved in all the decisions but being involved in making certain decisions will create a sense of responsibility and ownership in the employees which in turn will increase employee engagement. The next important thing that can affect the employee engagement positively is by making the employees understand that such organizational change is essential for their overall development, which in turn would lead to a strong career path for them in future (Appelbaum, 2013). With the development of a sense of ownership, the employees of the company will make some personal sacrifices in order to make the organization grow. If organizational change is taking place then, the management of the company must ensure that the employees are encouraged at all points of time. Encouragement can be in the form of monetary incentives or praising the employee verbally (Bhalla, et al., 2011). These will act as a source of motivation to perform better in the long run. The last but not the least is the establishment of two way communication system. This will address the issue related to creation of misunderstanding which is normally a result of lack of appropriate communication system (Hewitt, 2013). However, these above mentioned drivers are different for different types of organizational changes. The below figure enumerates the top five drivers for various organizational changes: Figure 3: Drivers to increase employee engagement in varied situations (Hewitt, 2013) Related to our research are the drivers which impact employee engagement during transformation of strategy. Since, our research concentrates upon the change of strategy of the company with respect to target market, detailed discussion about drivers to improve employee engagement in that situation will be discussed. The first driver which can enhance the engagement of employees in the event of strategy transformation is by involving them in the decision making process of the company. The employees must be asked to share their views on the strategy framed by the organization to improve market presence (Alvesson, 2015). Also, the employees of the organization must be given an understanding about various personal benefits that can arise to them due to the transformation of strategy. Furthermore, the management of the company must ensure two way communication systems, which will lead to reduction of ambiguity and increase transparency (Fullan, 2014). The most important driver is that the employees must be provided adequate training in a case there has been a change of role due to the implementation of new strategy. Most of the times, changes create a spark of fear in the employees which has the capability to hamper the performance of the employees (Anderson, 2013). Thus, appropriate training must be provided to them so that they are able to understand the new role and give their best to the organization. Moreover, training is essential for the personal development of the employees as well. The last driver that increases the engagement of the employees during the change of strategy, which also turns them into high performing employees, is by providing them with adequate resources so that they face no issues related to lack of available resources. Adequate amount of resources are essential for the effective performance of the task allotted to them (Kirby, 2005). Thus, it can be said that the organizational changes if implemented cautiously and effectively will ensure increase in performance of the employees and also improve their engagement in the organizational tasks. Furthermore, the management of human resources will also become easy with effective implementation of strategies and policies. References Alvesson, M. . (2015). Changing organizational culture: Cultural change work in progress. Routledge. Anderson, D. L. (2013). Organization development: The process of leading organizational change. Sage Publications. Appelbaum, E. (2013). The impact of new forms of work organization on workers. Armenakis, A. A., Harris, S. G., Mossholder, K. W. (1993). Creating readiness for change. Human Relations, 46, 681-703. Berber, A., Yaslioglu, M. (2014). Managing High Performance Work Systems and Organizational Performance. Switzerland: Springer International Publishing. Bhalla, V., Caye, J.-M., Dyer, A., Dymond, L., Morieux, Y., Orlander, P. (2011). High-Performance Organizations. BCG. Brazzel, M. (2014). Organization Change Theories and Models. Burke, W. W. (2013). Organization change: Theory and practice. Sage Publications. Chen, J., Suen, M., Lin, M., Shieh. (2010). Organizational Change and Development. Organization Science, 12, 1-13. Creasey, T. J. (2016). Exploring the Relationship between Organization Development and Change Management. Cristini, A., Eriksson, T., Pozzoli, D. (2012). High-Performance Management Practices and Employee Outcomes in Denmark. Discussion Paper . Fullan, M. (2014). Leading in a culture of change personal action guide and workbook. John Wiley Sons. George, J. M., Jones, G. R. (2007). Understanding and Managing Organizational Behavior (5th ed.). New York: Pearson Education, Inc. Harrington, H. J., Voehl, F. (2012). The Organizational Master Plan Handbook: A Catalyst for Performance Planning and Results. CRC Press. Haveman, H. A., Russo, M. V., Meyer, A. D. (2001). Organizational environments in Flux: the impact for regulatory punctuations on organizational domains, CEO succession, and performance. Organization Science, 12, 253-273. Hewitt, A. (2013). Managing Employee Engagement during the Times of Change. Risk. Reinsurance. Human Resources. Isern, J., Pung, A. (2007). Harnessing energy to drive organizational change. McKinsey Quarterly, 1, 16-19. Jones, B. B., Brazzel, M. (2014). Organization Change Theories and Models. Kirby, J. (2005). Toward a theory of high performance. Harvard Business Review, 83(7), 30. Purce, J. (2014). he impact of corporate strategy on human resource management. Routledge Revivals. Senge, P. M. (2014). The dance of change: The challenges to sustaining momentum in a learning organization. Crown Business. Tripon, C., Dodu, M. (2011). Change Management and Organizational Development. Retrieved September 4, 2016, from US Office of Personnel Management. (2016). Performance Management. Retrieved September 5, 2016, from Yang, R. S., Zhuo, X. Z., Yu, H. Y. (2009). Organization theory and management: cases, measurements, and industrial applications. Yeh-Yeh: Taipei.